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Sage (Salvia officinalis) is a small perennial shrubby plant with gray leaves and blue to purple-pink flowers.
Sage is cultivated as a spice and healing herb. This plant is popular in some parts of Europe, especially the Balkans, where it is used in production of essential oils.
The Latin name of the whole Salvia genus comes from the Latin word “salvare”, which means “rescue, healing” because 2 000 years ago Romans appreciated this herb and used it for healing.
Sage leaves are white-grayish because of the delicate fibers on the surface and they are usually used in phytotherapy. They are collected in the period when the herb develops its flower buds — in May and June.
The effectiveness of leaves comes primarily to the presence of ether oil (1.5 — 2.5 percent), which has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory action. Laboratory examinations have proven that ether oil destroys Eshericia colli, Schigela sonei, Salmonela, and has a slightly weaker effect against staphylococcal and streptococcal bacteria.